Carpenter & McLuhan. (1956). The New Languages.

Carpenter, E. & McLuhan, M. (1956) [The new languages]( Chicago Review. 10(1) pp. 46-52.

on the format of newspapers, and the effect on perception:

>The position and size of articles on the front page is determined by interest and importance, not content. Unrelated reports… are juxtaposed; time and space are destroyed and the *here* and *now* are presented as a single Gestalt. … Such a format lends itself to simultaneity, not chronology or lineality. Items abstracted from a total situation are not arranged in causal sequence, but presented in association, as raw experience.

on communication channels:

>Thus each communication channel codifies reality differently and thereby influences, to a surprising degree, the content of the message communicated.

**DN:** both concepts apply nicely to educational technology, and to online discussion. How does the format of the online discussion platform shape the presentation, perception, and shape of the message(s) communicated?